Global Oil Demand to Slow in 2016: IEA

Global oil demand will slow in 2016, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said in its latest monthly report, as it warned that the rebalancing of supply and demand in oil markets “has yet to run its course.”

Crude oil prices fell to their lowest point in nearly three months in early July, pressured by “ever rising supply” and not helped by the financial turmoil in Greece and China which has unsettled world markets, the IEA said Friday.

Global oil prices fell around 60 percent earlier this year, from around $114 a barrel last June, on the back of a glut in supply and lack of demand amid an uncertain global growth outlook. On Friday, benchmark Brent crude was trading at $59.44 a battle and U.S. light crude was around $53.62.

On the back of this volatility, the IEA forecast that global oil demand growth would slow to 1.2 million barrels a day (mb/d) in 2016, from around 1.4 mb/d this year.

“The rebalancing that began when oil markets set off on an initial 60 percent price drop a year ago has yet to run its course,” it said. “Recent developments suggest that the process will extend well into 2016, as shown in our quarterly supply/demand balances for that year.”

There were hopes in May and June that prices were on the path to recovery, as supply was taken out of the market. Numerous rigs were closed in the U.S., where production costs are higher than in the Middle East.

However, the IEA said that growth in demand appeared to have peaked in the first quarter of 2015, at 1.8 mb/d and, “will continue to ease throughout the rest of this year and into next as temporary support fades.”

The IEA noted, however, that two “curveballs” were contained within its demand forecast: Greece’s ongoing financial crisis, to the downside, and Iran – and a potential nuclear deal that could see sanctions on the country lifted — to the upside.

“A possible Greek exit from European Monetary Union (euro zone) could dampen not only Greek oil product demand, but also potentially curb deliveries across the continent if macro-economic activity were to weaken,” the IEA said.

“The upside Iranian risk surrounds the possible removal of sanctions and the additional economic growth and oil product demand that could follow.”


Craig Erlam
Based in London, England, Craig Erlam joined OANDA in 2015 as a Market Analyst. With more than five years' experience as a financial market analyst and trader, he focuses on both fundamental and technical analysis while conducting macroeconomic commentary. He has been published by The Financial Times, Reuters, the BBC and The Telegraph, and he also appears regularly as a guest commentator on Bloomberg TV, CNBC, FOX Business and BNN. Craig holds a full membership to the Society of Technical Analysts and he is recognized as a Certified Financial Technician by the International Federation of Technical Analysts.