Duelling Fed Members Send Mixed Messages Chair Yellen to Get Last Word

Global stock markets rebounded slightly after a dreadful week. There are signs of risk appetite creeping back into the market. The uncertainty created by negative economic data out of the US compounded with global growth forecast cuts earlier in the month drove the market into a tailspin. Aggravating factors such as the ebola health crisis, armed conflicts, political protests kept investors busy deciding their next steps. European markets show signs of life and the USD has rebounded as volatility subsides. All eyes on the market will be following Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen as she takes the stage later this morning.

The Federal Reserve was present in the markets with three members delivering speeches yesterday: Dennis Lockhart, the president of the Atlanta Fed, Charles Plosser, president of the Philadelphia Fed and Narayana Kocherlakota president of the Minneapolis Fed. Lockhart focused on the labor market and stressed that is is far from normal as employers are using more part-time workers due to low sales and higher cost of full-time staff. Lockhart is not a voting member of the FOMC, but will become one next year. Plosser was the more hawkish member yesterday calling for a sooner rate hike as there can be risks by being too patient. “Waiting too long to begin raising rates – especially waiting until we have fully met our goals for maximum employment – is risky because we cannot know when we have arrived,” said Plosser in his speech. Kocherlakota for his part gave a Central Banking 101 talk outlining the constitutional role of the Federal Reserve and his goal of average citizens being aware of the what Fed is doing for the economy and not just people involved in finance.

US jobless claims came in at a 14 year low with 264,000 filed for unemployment insurance last week. Industrial production in the US also outperformed expectations with a 1.0% gain in September. Both indicators calmed the nerves of the market that the US economic recovery was losing steam. The USD continues to rise versus major pairs but Fed Chair Yellen will have the final word on the fate of the dollar. Some analysts have begun pushing out the rate hike well into 2015 and some have even suggested it could start in 2016 given the global and domestic environments. Fed member speeches are divided clearly into the hawk and dove camps.

Earlier in the week, US retail sales and inflation numbers sagged, and the euro took full advantage, gaining over 100 points against the dollar. Core Retail Sales dipped 0.2%, its first decline since April 2013. It was a similar story with Core Retail Sales, which posted a decline of 0.3%, its first loss since January. This points to a decrease in consumer spending, a key component of economic growth. Meanwhile, PPI fell by 0.1%, after a reading of 0.0% a month earlier. All three events missed their estimates.

Central bankers have begun their soothing of the markets with chief economics for the Bank of England Andrew Haldane delivering a dovish statement. He is “gloomier” on the economy than he was three months ago with direct implications to interest rate hike expectations. Lower for longer seems to the message that will be also pushed out by Fed Chair Yellen. The European Central Bank has nothing else to add as it awaits for its real policy decisions to be cleared by the European Commission.

The GBP dropped against the USD as Haldane’s speech was published, but has recovered lost ground ahead of US releases and Yellen’s words to the market.

Upcoming events:
* CAD September CPI
* USD Fed Chair Janet Yellen Speech
* USD Housing Starts
* USD Reuters/Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index

Fore more market moving events visit the MarketPulse Economic Calendar

This article is for general information purposes only. It is not investment advice or a solution to buy or sell securities. Opinions are the authors; not necessarily that of OANDA Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. You could lose all of your deposited funds.

Alfonso Esparza

Alfonso Esparza

Senior Currency Analyst at Market Pulse
Alfonso Esparza specializes in macro forex strategies for North American and major currency pairs. Upon joining OANDA in 2007, Alfonso Esparza established the MarketPulseFX blog and he has since written extensively about central banks and global economic and political trends. Alfonso has also worked as a professional currency trader focused on North America and emerging markets. He has been published by The MarketWatch, Reuters, the Wall Street Journal and The Globe and Mail, and he also appears regularly as a guest commentator on networks including Bloomberg and BNN. He holds a finance degree from the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (ITESM) and an MBA with a specialization on financial engineering and marketing from the University of Toronto.
Alfonso Esparza